Thursday, March 10, 2005

Struggle in the Persian (Iran) Gulf part two

Struggle in the Persian (Iran) Gulf
Part two of these chapters

I came back again in to this battle of the centuries which language come in to has a war it ‘self when we have so many problems in the world, more then just economics.
We all know the situation around the world has been tough, and the climate continue to get warmer even so seems like in some parts have been cold.
Do not forget about altitudes which hot and cold change very fast and at 10 Km higher usual -50 Celsius. (Temperatures change always and the cold come down and the hot goes up, between of such many things may happened) and the storms appears from anywere. The crude which has given so much values and so much to the world in to good and bad terms. The time will come with the end without returne and we all going to suffer in many ways. The human Beings are the most smart creature in our planet, when looking for some values which could convert in to money.

The lost of Portuguese values!

The Portuguese have had many problems with the discovers and conquests during that time; to keep it, because not enough men, and the war which the King of Portugal D Fernando 16 years old at that time when he resolved attack North Africa in the desert which lost and the king came prisoner. After that the Uncle King of Castellan (Spain) toke over Portugal for 60 years the last was 1640 with a revolution against the Spain and Portugal came again independent. Because of such all territories which Portugal had came under the attack by the English, Dutch and French. Portugal lost more then half and some still has the names given by the Portuguese.

Let’s go to the Portuguese Struggle in the Persian Gulf!

The port of Hormuz was mention by Mark Polo situated about seven Km to the south-west of Minab and was then a great commercial of importance.

After 1515 seven years passed and Afonso de Albuquerque came up to be Viceroy of Portuguese possessions in India and was able at last to attack Hormuz with a powerful fleet. He sailed from Goa with twenty seven ships carrying 3000 men and ample supplies. The local situation had entirely changed. No open resistance to the Portuguese was possible and the demand by the Portuguese for permission to complete the fort was granted.

The building of the fort proceeded throughout the summer and when finished came up to be a piece of work which continue be very well preserved today

English intercourse with India was after the date of defeat by the Spanish Armada which stimulated to an extraordinary degree and from that time Portugal start to loose in many ways.
At this time of England evasion by the Spanish, Portugal was integrated in to Spain because of such attack by the Portuguese king D, Fernando (the way explains before).
Many problems then happened at that time which the Spanish and Portuguese never have had the guts to explain for so many hundred of years and because of such the world believe in English story.

The reason Spain went with the idea of attack England was because at that time Spain used to bring in the ships, gold from South America colonies special from Peru and the Italian navy captain Drake was then worked for the Queen of England Elizabeth I the first to confiscated the gold the Spanish bring to Europe. Many times the Spanish Galleons was anchor at any place and at night attacked by surprised

In returned Drake received more ships and men, supplies and some gold values.
Even the Portuguese pilot Nuno da Silva had his ship anchor in the golf of Guinea Bissau in Africa and was attack at night by Drake and force him to show the way to the Pacific Ocean were the Spanish Galleons travel frequent, and after give him to the Portuguese Kingdom to be a traitor and final punish in Portugal.

One of the problems about Portugal and England was because their have had a pact between them of non egression to each other even so England did help Portugal many times, special when Napoleon forces attack Portugal, and many times against Spain from the same reason.
And because of such many times at the sea Portuguese ships was attack by the English after getting closer and the flags change in to skull and bones the pirate flags.

I learn most of this staff by reading history books writing by English, Scottish and Iris authors in the library of Calgary Canada, but I knew lots of by the Portuguese books and so I didn’t born know how, We all learn from everybody which I used to saying. We all are teachers and students at the same time the only problem many learn with the idea to hart somebody and come a lie’s

England at that time has had financial problems because of many wars. And this way the pirates was born at the sea which many came out later included by the colony of America which was then belong to England, France and Spain territories. Many Spain’s islands in Central America lost this way and Jamaica was one of it which happened to be the stronger of all in to be a base of pirates to attack any ship pass by special Spanish’s.

The King of Spain Felipe got tired of so many attacks by the pirate’s and supported by the Queen of England I in many ways, he decided created the Great Armada and used some Portuguese sailors against own wishes to attack England.

The bingers problem came towards the Spanish and Portuguese sailors, when just in the English Channel the ships came up to a storm which more then half of the ships sank or broken masts. Then they realized the problem and went to the Scottish and Iris seas for to avoid any confrontation which that didn’t happen. Drake the pirate did attack the ships and cause more damages to the Spanish’s and continue pursue towards the Spanish coast conquered Gibraltar in to this day belong to England.

After at that particular time the many more English Sailors and many not pirates join in to go after the Portuguese territories around the world included Hormuz.
The Dutch came to be the great allied and joined forces with England to attack the Portuguese and Spanish Galion’s.
That such stimulation of many victories give the idea not even the Portuguese territories would be at save. With in a year of the passing the defeat of the Spanish Armada gives stimulation to the English ancestors to an extraordinary degree.

Queen Elizabeth I, who readily granted the permission they desired to trade with India.
The pioneer efforts failed but the Dutch expedition to Bantam and then the English too, Company merchants of London trading in to east India. They started in 1601.

I do believe that it was the First World War and with lots of cynicism more then weapons involved, and the looser was Portugal with circumstance which with one mistake of attack North Africa by the king of Portugal D,Fernando change the future for ever.

The first English attempted to trade with Persian by sea 1616 when the English factors first visited the Moghul Court their broadcloth sold well, and a large quantity ordered from England.
In that time the Portuguese still held Hormuz which was not very good for the English merchants. The silk came up to be the best deal even so China was then the most producer and Portugal took advantage of such by voyage around the China Sea.

Problems started with in Hormuz because the English and Dutch merchants and the greed of everyone included the Portuguese, and because Portugal was ruled by D.Filipe III king of Spain Madrid was the center focus of all. At that point the King of Spain dispatched to Persia 1618 an embassy headed by Garcia da Silva. The Ambassador Garcia da Silva landed at the Hormuz traveling Isfahan reached the Persian Court at Kazvin. He was well received, but in the main object of mission who was to obtain a guarantee for the security of Hormuz, and then he was unsuccessful.

Next come up to the battle of Jask in 1620!

Fight between Portuguese and English ships was then big which the English have said used four ships and the Portuguese also four. The story was for the victory for the English the author said so.
The only problem I always have the side story which deepened with the author how much the patriotic love and the real truth.

More will come up at next time to understanding a little about our past and what could have done to our future.
The human cause always been to fight because of greed and lack of understanding if we all should help one ‘another or end up once and for all the human race.
Selfishness’ that do not work for any one, we need everyone to survive and avoid any catastrophe such a nuclear war or a catastrophe from the Glob Warming. The truth and not lies must be with all of us and at the same time stop so much greed and look in to the future.

This story will continue next time to refresh somebody’s mind at the same time for me too.
We will be in to third chapter.

Tuesday, March 08, 2005

Struggle in the Persian (Iran) Gulf

This real story was once famous and in time,then conspiracy of silence start towards Portuguese included the langua it self This real story was once famous and in time, The only Country may one day help could be Brasil because of 190 million people there.Something else the Portuguese flag which represented the language, many times some show the Brasilian for Portuguese language and not the Portuguese the same way Spanish show the flag which uppened to be Castilian the State of sush language and Spain speak a few different then Castelian which South America do so.

Showing the facts may change many people's Mind!

Struggle in the Persian (Iran) Gulf

Part one of these chapters

I came to this story because: The situation around the world of today may resemble the past even so not much could do to the future. Enigma Global must including this story may be able to wonder what was then and what is now.

I was living in Canada for 32 years with much informed through out the media in U.S.A and Canada that Portugal only happened to be a small country without many values to mention about, but to Holland seems like to be a country bigger and strong when only half the size of Portugal, but many more countries in Europe are smaller then Portugal and only you could check about included the size of England witch not much bigger too.
Portugal has been declined in many ways and not only because the problems among themselves the Government and people, also because has been ignored or silence from many reasons which I cannot mention now, just like the Portuguese language the fifth most spoke in the world and not to popular like Germany, Spanish French and many others.
When no body knows about because of so much propaganda to the others has made me wonder why?

I may know some of the problems but must go slowly with my writing.

We all know the past history could help the present and future too and everything I write about the environment, the past could influence the future in any subject I may like to mention about this subject which will be a few chapters.
Education is what we all want and because of such I’ am learning every day which I used to say, We all are at the same time students and teachers because of such once I change the subject to show what you may never heard about and this one may be only part of such real story.

The Ormus and the India Ocean was for Portugal the door for commerce between the Arab land and India towards Europe which give Portugal for one hundred years of such control and Lisbon became at that time in 1500 more or less were every’ body from all over Europe looking for the goods they bring, and Portuguese language most spoke which Portugal give the name to Lingua Franca.

Confusion and ignorance came to some people in North America special Canada because Quebec witch sneak’s French and that name seems to them Lingua Franca French word because of Franca.

One of the most important events in history is the rounding of the Cape of Good Hope by the Portuguese navigator Bartolomeu Dias in 1487-88 and because of such the direct seaborne trade between Europe and India.
Until this feat was accomplished, Europe was obliged to purchased spices and other Eastern products from Moslem merchants and came by land just like Mark Polo which then was a long trip in many ways.

Wealth and power was then in Portuguese hands and the direct sea intercourse with Europe change all this. In the two arteries of trade through the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea the flow of commerce ceased.
From that event dates the falling of in wealth and power of the Moslems states of Turkey and Egypt.

Indeed these benefits neither were nor secure without hard fighting and the Portuguese navigators Diogo Cão and Bartolomeu Dias in 1482-88 came to strong many times and many ways to the sailors of Egypt and in 1507 the Portuguese control.
In 1538 the Portuguese came up with problems with Turkish expedition of 66 ships with 20.000 troops. They besieged the fort of Diu in India and nearly captured it by heavy bombardments and numerous assaults.
The Portuguese just about starting to loose the fighting and the Turks suddenly raised and left. The Turks also had quarreled with Sultan of Gujarat which helps Portugal even so they do not like each other.
After of such problems the Portuguese account with the Turks and Egypt the Portuguese came in full possession of the India Ocean for more then 100 years.

The Importance of Hormuz- The port of Hormuz situated six miles to the south-west of Minab was a great commercial importance

The first Portuguese expedition against Ormus 1507 was the Greatest among the Portuguese captains Afonso de Albuquerque who in 1507 started with a squadron of seven ships to attack Hormuz. He coasted along Arabia, sacking the ports, included Maskat. To modern ideas his cruelty was repulsive, prisoners of both sexes being mutilated with the objects of inspiring fear.
This way he was successful and passing Musandam which termed for Cape Macinde he approached Hormuz with flags flying and artillery eradiate point was scaring, and the dismay of his captains a large number of ships were sighted in the harbor, supported by a powerful force drawn up to shore. D’Albuquerque boldly attacked the ships, and most of them deserted by cowardly crews fell into his hands.

After this easy success he proceeded to land his small force, whereupon the boy king submitted and agreed to pay tribute at the rate of 5000 pounds per annum.

The Persian demand for tribute:-A few days after the ratification of the treaty, the king sent to inform D’Albequerque that a representative of Shah Ismail had reached the shore opposite the island, and had sent to inform D’Albuquerque replied that “he might tell the king that this kingdom of Hormuz belonged to the King of Portugal, gained by his fleet and his men then D Manoel King of Portugal. Other accords came between Persian and Portugal for the good of both, which terminated in desater for the Portuguese a little more than one hundred years later.

The failure of such event by the Portuguese

D’Albuquerque decided then to construct a powerful fort, the foundations of which were laid, but the intrigues of his captains reacted on the political situation and the work was then stopped.

A bombardment and a blockade both failed, when three ships of his squadron of seven deserted, there was no course open to him except to make to India. He returned to Hormuz some time later, but not in sufficient strength to do anything and the Portuguese stay off until in 1515 seven years later D’Albuquerque, who hade India (Goa Damão e Diu) came from there to attack Hormuz again with a powerful fleet. Hue came from Goa with twenty seven ships carrying 3000 men. The local situation change
The Chief Hamid of Persian give up and no open resistance to the Portuguese which came in control and the demand of the Portuguese for permission to complete the forte were granted.
Hamid was assassinated by the Portuguese when he visited D’Albuquerque and the freed from his influence was really to obey the victories in all matters.

The building of the fort proceeded throughout the summer and then finish to a piece of work, and still there the same way was build few hundred years ago and now part of Persian or Iran.

Will continue next time the history which should not forget what made Portugal in control the India Ocean for more them hundred years which no other country have done.

Antonio oscar